Tuesday, March 13, 2012

Controlling Salt

Salt is one of the most popular spice flavorings. Almost every cuisine menu of salt contained in it. Salt is a mineral consisting of sodium chloride (40 percent and 60 percent sodium chloride). Salt is important for the body, but that does not mean the salt should be consumed in excess.

Sodium chloride ions needed by the body in small amounts, to adjust the water content in it. Sodium is not only needed to help maintain fluid balance in the body, but also to assist in the transmission of nerve impulses to the brain. In addition, sodium, also plays a role in the contraction and relaxation of our muscles. Because sodium can draw fluids such as magnet, excessive salt intake will lead to retention (detention) in the body of excess water.

The use of too much salt can increase the amount of sodium in the body, and this can give a serious effect on health.
Although salt is used to treat problems such as disease or dysautonomia, the autonomic nervous system damage, but if excessive can cause some health problems such as:

1. High blood pressure (hypertension): High salt intake is known to increase blood pressure, known to cause some serious illness just as heart disease, parlysis, and receipt.

Cardiovascular disease: Researchers working in a large study conducted in 2007 found that patients with high-normal blood pressure have benefited significantly by reducing salt intake, and therefore their risk of suffering from cardiovascular disease decreased by 25 percent for 10-15 years future. Their likelihood of dying from cardiovascular disease was also down by 20 percent.

Stroke: Those who consume less salt it will reduce one gram of salt intake may reduce the risk of stroke up to 1/6. If reduced to two grams, the risk decreases to 1/3, and if the reduced three-gram, the chances of stroke was reduced by 1/2 her.

4. Left ventricular hypertrophy and swelling hantung: Some people do not have hypertension despite the high amounts of salt mengasup. However, medical records show, these people have left ventricular hypertrophy or enlargement of muscle tissue that makes the walls of the heart's main pumping chamber which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

5. Fluid retention: The amount of sodium in the body to determine the level of fluid in the body. If you consume too much salt, the kidneys have trouble eliminating excess salt, and the body will retain fluid which sometimes causes swelling around the heart.

6. Digestive system, High salt intake can affect the digestive system in three ways:
  • Ulcers (sores) of the stomach and duodenum: salt interacts with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) and cause ulcers (sores) in the stomach and duodenum. These bacteria (H. pylori) is commonly found in many people, of which who have no symptoms. H pyori bacteria known to cause 80 to 90 percent of all cases of gastric and duodenal ulcers. Therefore, restricting salt intake is a good thing to prevent the formation of ulcers caused by consuming too much salt
  • Cancer: Cancer of the stomach and gastric cancer associated with high sodium in the body. Evidence for this is found in Japan, where salt consumption is relatively high among the people.
  • Decrease Pepsin: Pepsin is a digestive enzyme, and excess salt intake lowers the amount of pepsin in the body. This can affect the digestive system, increasing the level of acidity and cause diarrhea. For example, when you add salt to the curd, this causes the fermentation to form acids in the stomach, and ultimately can affect digestion.
7. Hair Problems: Eating too much salt can cause problems such as hair graying and loss.

Increased secretion of bile: When we eat foods that contain high salt, to increase bile secretion, which can increase the density of the blood thus lowering vitality. It can also cause a dry mouth and bleeding. Doctors advised to reduce salt intake to those who have problems with the skin.

Osteoporosis: Excess salt prevents the absorption of calcium in the body, so that DAPT leads to osteoporosis. In a study done on postmenopausal women found that women consuming high amounts of salt more to lose more bone mineral than those who do not consume too much salt.

Deaths: Taking high doses of salt in a short time can be fatal. If a person consumes one gram of salt / kg body weight, this can cause the person to lose his life.

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