Thursday, April 4, 2013

Back Pain During Pregnancy

Discomfort is usually experienced by pregnant women is back pain. One source states that back pain experienced by one of two pregnant women. The possibility of a pregnant women experience back pain greater if it had never had back pain before pregnancy, a history of low back pain in a previous pregnancy, old age and pregnant women often labor.

Complaints of back pain can be felt during pregnancy, but it is more common since the middle of pregnancy, often the complaints persist and interfere until the time of delivery. Back pain can occur due to a combination of several factors, such as mechanical factors, metabolic, circulatory, and psychosocial. Effect of mechanical factors such as the changing center of gravity of the body, changes in gait and pregnant women sleeping position.

In one third of pregnant women who started having back pain since the first trimester of pregnancy, pain arises due to changes in hormonal processes. Hormonal changes during pregnancy cause changes in the structure of the network supporting the uterus, triggering the onset of pain. In addition, pregnant women experience back pain found that relaxin hormone levels higher. This confirms the influence of a hormone associated with complaints of back pain.

During pregnancy, spine changed, as if into more lordosis (butt bone tends to stand). This factor along with the muscles and ligaments as well as changes in blood flow in the pelvic area have a role in causing back pain. Complaints of back pain can be reduced by avoiding excessive weight, exercises to strengthen the back muscles, improve posture and wearing shoes or footwear that is comfortable (do not use high heels). Treatment options for reducing pain, ranging from the use of the belt for pelvic support, specific exercises, rest, medication, to massage.

To obtain good posture, note the following:
  • Use a booster cushion in the lower back area when sitting
  • Pull shoulders back slightly
  • The position of the head slightly back so that the ear is a field with a shoulder

Break by lying and doing exercises appear to provide benefits that are very fast, 65% of pregnant women feel an improvement just by doing bed rest and specific exercises. 40% of pregnant women even feel an improvement simply by resting bed rest. Half of pregnant women reduced the complaint states disappear even after using a belt to support the pelvis. Surely you should see a doctor if you experience back pain to find the cause, the doctor will also help choose a form of therapy that suits your condition.

Some of these things should be avoided because it triggers pain, namely:
Standing or walking for more than 30 minutes
  • Lifting a heavy burden (shopping bags, etc.)
  • Standing / resting on one leg
  • Up the stairs
  • Having sex
  • Sleeping on his stomach
  • Standing on a soft (mattress)
  • Driving a car more than 30 minutes

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